Here are a collection of mineralogy and paleontology and Prehistory time, which includes material remains of Stone Age, Bronze Age and Early Iron Age.
The inconspicuous first case shows the oldest archaeological finds in our museum. The fossilized remains of mollusks and minerals that were long before human appearance.
The Stone Age is the oldest and longest period of human history that began about 1 million years ago in the territory of Ukraine, represented by remains of animals that were hunted by primitive humans, debitages, lithic and flint primitive tools, models of primitive dwelling. With the development of the Stone Age people and climate change, tools are also being improved, appeared axes, arrows and the first pottery, pot sherds of which are in case.
At the end of V Mill. BC people began to use new material in their trade – copper, which marked the beginning of the Copper Age (V-III millennium BC). At that time, there was one eneolithic culture in the Kyiv region – Trypillian. The presented materials tell about the life of Trypillians: the genus of the main activity, the use of the loom and the specifics of dwelling. The spiritual life of Trypillians is fully conveyed in the exposition of the third hall of the museum.
In the third millennium BC people were starting to use bronze, new artificial material, which marked the beginning of the era. With the increase of the population unions of tribes emerge, on the basis of which large historical and cultural communities were formed. They inhabited the territory of Kyiv region. There are presented the products of stone, flint, bone and bronze of different archeological cultures, such as Corded and Polyelastic ceramics, East-Tshynetska and Zrubna. There are hammer axes, arrows, women’s jewelry and pottery. Also, here are presented models of dwellings and temple of the East-Tshynetska culture (the second millennium BC).
Early iron age
The Early Iron Age began from the XII century BC, with the beginning of which radically changed and accelerated the development of human society. People learned how to make such strong and sharp tools that could no longer be replaced by stone or bronze.
A layout of a settlement of an ancient Greek colony with which the Scythians had trade relations.